The Difference between an Espresso, Ristretto and a Lungo

For anyone unfamiliar with the terminology, while the definition of these can vary depending on where you are it is generally accepted that a lungo is a ‘stretched’ version of an espresso with twice the water. This is not to be confused with any coffee such as an Americano where water is added afterwards, however! All of the water in an espresso lungo is brewed and not added afterwards.


On the other end of the scale, a ristretto is typically a condensed version of an espresso using less water.

There’s no accepted definition of exactly how much makes a ristretto, espresso and a lungo. However, a rough ratio of what they should be like is as follows – 1:1 ristretto, 1:2 espresso and 1:4 lungo. So a lungo would brew approximately double the water of an espresso, and an espresso would brew with about twice the water of a ristretto.

Long Coffee – The long coffee has a length that is 3 times the length of the espresso coffee. Many people think that long coffee has less caffeine than the espresso but it is a cliché. Long coffee has much more caffeine than espresso due to the long extraction time. The longer the extraction process, the higher the caffeine content

Meade Café Opening up the ideas of what espresso can be can involve drawing long, and longer shots, which have the surprising effect of exposing a whole new range of flavours within a coffee.

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